Sunday, August 20, 2017

Use the right word, O. T.

What is the right word?

If you read Blog writing coaches, they will preach that finding better word choice is important.

We learn the meaning of words through reading and context.

I watch the top-rated, Big Bang Theory, and have learned the usage of the exact word that applies to so much of today’s news.

There is a running professional competition between Dr Sheldon Cooper, brilliant theoretical Physicists and Dr Leslie Winkle, equally brilliant.  In their verbal battles, Sheldon often talks himself into a corner where it’s obvious to all his friends that he is wrong.  Leslie delights in the easy win by declaring: “Dumbass” and walks away.

            The word ‘dumbass’ may not be appropriate for polite conversation, but is certainly mild compared to internet commentary.  Everyone, if they are honest with themselves makes dumbass mistakes.  There is no other way to describe it.

Dumbass should only be used when it’s obvious that a stupid mistake has been made.  It should not imply the speaker is always a dumbass.  However, repeated dumbass mistakes might make one wonder if you are a dumbass.

The Urban Dictionary put me in my place when I looked up the definition of ‘Dumbass’.  It says: “Anyone who looks up the definition of dumbass”.  I’m still laughing.

Now that we have established the correct use of the word dumbass, we don’t have to look far for examples.

Hypothetically, what word would you use if a politician would speak to 40,000 Boy Scouts (Age 12 – 18) and thank them for voting for him?

Sunday, August 13, 2017

Why can't I decide to buy that $0.99 cent book?


              I’m an impulse buyer of Kindle books on Amazon.  The Kindle is one of the greatest inventions of all time.  eBooks have driven down the cost of books such that $0.99 is a common price.

            But why is the decision so hard to order a .99 cent book? --- less than a drink at your favorite fast food.

            If the book’s topic is of no interest, then it’s no bargain.  If the topic is exactly what you want to learn about, then why are they selling it so cheap?

           I think the issue is time.  I don’t want to waste my time reading a trivial book.  The .99 cents makes the value suspect.

            The mind has trouble evaluating plants, also.  We try to make plants low cost so there will be no resistance to buy.  But customers hesitate ---- ‘I don’t want to kill it”.  Sometimes you can’t even give a plant to people who think this way.

            If I find a plant that I want, I don’t care what it costs ---within reason, of course.

Sunday, June 18, 2017

Buy American, if..., O. T.

Buy American, if...
                 Buy American, IF, it is the best value !

            I buy plants from Florida or Mexico---- depending which is the best value.

            If you think that garden plants and houseplants are expensive, you should consider their cost if we did not have Free Trade around the World.  International sharing of new plants and production has improved the quality and lowered the cost of Horticultural Products.

            Every Economist knows that “Free” World Trade is obvious.  Most every politician yells for tariffs (taxes) on imports, thinking that is what Americans want.  Clearly, that is wrong since isolationism has never worked and is simply stupid.  There is no tariff on plants shipped from Florida to Pennsylvania.  Why should it be any different shipping from Mexico?  

            Free market Capitalism will bring you high quality, reasonably priced plants.

            Continue to Buy American, but only if it’s the best value !

Monday, May 29, 2017

What's Possible with Codonanthe carnosa 'Libby'?

Codonanthe carnosa 'Libby' with multi-buds

          What is the genetic potential for Codonanthe carnosa 'Libby'?

          Nobody knows until hybrids are made and the results are evaluated.

          Here is the species with a few leaves removed to show the flowering potential.  There can be One, Two, Three or Four flowers per leaf axil.

          If that trait transfers, the hybrid would be exceptional !

Sunday, April 16, 2017

It ain't bragging if ...

'Mini' Plants with Custom  Blue Tags

For years, my tag line was:

            “Nobody does what I do with plants.  They could, but they don’t!”

It always seemed like bragging, but six years of developing the ‘Mini’ plants program has proven it true.

"It ain’t bragging, if you can do it."

My ‘Mini’ plants for Miniature Gardens and your Windowsill have substance---they are full pots of unique varieties that indoor gardeners want.  Serious collectors recognize my custom blue tags when seen at one of my 30 retail outlets.

A Specialist beats a Generalists every time.

      Gary K. Hunter, Grower
   Gary’s Specialty Plants

‘Mini’ Plants for Miniature Gardens and your Windowsill !

          1610 Fern Glen Drive         
            Drumore PA 17518
   (717) 951-4507 – Cell (Voice Mail)

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

A Modern Day Codonanthe 'Gina'

Codonanthe gracilis 'Joinville'

            Forty years ago, I made a cross between Codonanthe carnosa (small white flowers) and Codonanthe gracilis (bigger white flowers).  I only got a few seeds but the resulting hybrid was a trailing plant with bronze narrow pointy leaves.

            At least that is what I think happened. 

            I took my hybrid, Codonanthe ‘Gina’ ---- named for my second greenhouse employee, to the National Gesneriad Convention in Silver Springs, MD.  Hans Wiehler took notice immediately and told me I had the first known Codonanthe hybrid.

            Over the years, the finer points have been lost.  Codonanthe ‘Gina’ has been lost to cultivation.  The pictures I had cannot be found.  The original parents are uncertain due to name changes.  Codonanthe ‘Gina’ can not be duplicated.

            However, something better may be possible.  If we cross C. carnosa ‘Libby’ with C. gracilis ‘Joinville’, we should get a large white flower on interesting foliage.

            An improved ‘Gina’ cross will deserve a new name.  If successful, it will be exciting to see ---- Same concept, different parents.

Codonanthe gracilis 'Joinville' (top) and Codonanthe carnosa 'Libby' (bottom)

Sunday, April 2, 2017

Codonanthe carnosa 'Libby, Part II

Codonanthe carnosa 'Libby'
          From the wisdom of the crowd, I'll start with the conclusion from Ron:

     "It's just as Gary suspected, this large-flowered Codonanthe appears to be the "original" C. carnosa distributed by Hans Wiehler many years ago.

Good to see it in production, and hopefully widely distributed. Thanks to Gary!"

          If you hate details, you can stop reading .  If you are always looking for historical clues read further:

Mauro, Brazilian Seed Fund comments:

     "Alain is the best one to “give the verdict” and he will correct me  if I’m wrong, but it seems that the name confusion came from long ago when Wiehler described C. digna and C. paula that are in fact Codonanthe devosiana.
Codonanthe carnosa has the biggest flower among the four species with small leaves from Southeast Atlantic forest: (devosiana, serrulata, gibbosa and carnosa) and Gary’s plant fits on C. carnosa flower size.

Probably some plants labeled as C. carnosa are in fact C. devosiana…"

Alain answers:

     "I fully agree with Mauro, the material posted as Codoannthe "Libby" matches exactly the clone I got from Hans Wiehler in the early 980's, it pertains doubtless to C. carnosa."

Then Mauro says:

     "Yes, to me, it is a standard sized C. carnosa flower. It “should” have at least twice of the size of C. devosiana ‘Paula’ since the later has one of the smallest flower from all clones of C. devosiana that I’ve seen.
The attached picture is C. carnosa  (not fully open) that I grow from seeds of the Seed Fund since 1995, it looks to be the same as Gary’s plant. The ones that I collected don´t have the red on the back of the leaves."

          And so it goes----The clone I have designated as 'Libby' is the species carnosa which somehow got to Libby years ago.  It has red on the back of the leaves which is different from those collected in Brazil by Mauro.

Friday, March 31, 2017

How did this happen?

Sinniniga 'Esther' - four buds

            Remember when I told you about Sinningia ‘Esther’?

            This red flowered Sinningia has cardinalis-type flowers but it is limited by only one flower per leaf axil.

            This picture of a rooted side shoot from my original plant is budded and flowering.

            Four flowers per leaf.  How can this happen?

Sinningia 'Esther' -- How?

Wednesday, March 29, 2017

Hey Jude

Columnea 'Jude' grown by Ron

            This spectacular Columnea grown by Ron in Canada and shown at various Gesneriad shows had a tough journey to my greenhouse.

            The picture of Ron’s plant grown in his home always attracts a lot of ‘Wows’.  And, where can I get that?

            I met Ron years ago, at National Gesneriad conventions ---- he has an encyclopedic knowledge of Gesneriads and is a skilled grower.

            When I asked, Ron offered to get me stock of Columnea ‘Jude’ for commercial production.  Now, for persistence --- The first batch of cuttings sent in November froze, the second batch in March froze (every leaf fell off) but the meristem was green.  I propagated and hoped for one cutting to establish itself.  I got one or two.  Ron then saved the project by hand carrying his show plant to the Delaware National Gesneriad Convention in 2016.  After winning an award, he gave his plant to me.  Finally, a stock base.

            My goal is grow stock baskets ---- when tips are budded, direct stick into 9.5 cm (4”) pots, 3 cuttings per pot.  By the time they root, the cuttings are flowering ---- sell.
            Will they look like Ron’s specimen plant?  Highly unlikely.

            But, it is a good clone.  The salmon pink flowers at every leaf last for weeks.  It’s not a wimpy hybrid.

            The fatal flaw of Columnea is that cold water and sun burn the leaves, which is why they are not seen often.

            But, Columnea ’Jude’ is worth the effort.

Columnea 'Jude' grown by Gary's Specialty Plants

Sunday, March 26, 2017

Codonanthe carnosa 'Libby'

Codonanthe carnosa 'Libby'
         Libby is one of our advanced hobby growers in the Delaware African Violet and Gesneriad Society (DAVS).  For many years, she maintained a big basket of a Codonanthe with large white flowers, relative to others I have seen.  Every time Libby would show her award-winning Codonanthe, I’d think we must propagate and distribute it before it’s lost.

            When Libby had to down-size her growing area, she donated, with Mary’s help, her plant to me.  I got one batch of cuttings going that we distributed to DAVS members.  Since then, I’ve been building up stock for larger commercial sale.

            The plant is very hardy--- doesn’t mind drying out a little.  It grows slowly but will branch and flower in small pots.  It will be spectacular in 4 ½” hanging baskets.

            The name of Libby’s plant is uncertain, so it’s unknown if it is in cultivation elsewhere --- thus, the urgency to save the clone.

            Through some clues, it may be the original Codonanthe carnosa.  The Codonanthe clones that I had 40 years ago, went through name changes of carnosa to digna to devosiana.  The free-flowering clone that I have is Codonanthe devosiana ‘Paula'.

            Libby’s clone has white flowers twice the size of ‘Paula’.  So, until further notice I’m designating this exceptional plant:

            Codonanthe carnosa ‘Libby’

Codonanthe devosiana 'Paula' (top), Codonanthe carnosa 'Libby' (bottom)

Saturday, February 25, 2017

Now, I can tell you where to go...

Peperomia prostrata

            Now, I can tell you where to go to find my plants at a nearby Garden Center.

            Both my Website, and this Blog show a link to Google maps with locations that stock my plants.

            I’ve had numerous requests for unique plants discussed on this Blog.  Now you have a place to start.  Check with stores near you to see if they have plants you want.

Sunday, February 19, 2017

There will be no Cabin Fever in Southeast Pennsylvania !

Petunias for Spring

            Commercial horticulture counts on Spring.  When Spring breaks, the entire gardening public descends on Garden Centers for their Spring and Summer color.

            Traditionally, we are hibernating, but building plant inventory for the eight-week crush in April and May.

            This year, the weather has been mild with no deep-freezing weeks and only a few minor snows that quickly melted away.

            Everyone has been freely moving around.  There is no cabin fever in sight.

            What will this do to the Spring sales if there is no pent-up demand?

Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Just thinking, O. T.

Hey, what do you think we should do?

                   These guys are thinking about the Presidency of the United States.

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Why Lipstick Plants Flower? --- My Conclusions

Lipstick Plant Buds

What problem are we trying to solve here?

            Commercial horticulture demands that flowering crops can be consistently grown into a salable product in the shortest possible time.  This depends on knowing the flowering response ---- what triggers flowering?

            There is a vague understanding of what makes Lipstick (Aeschynanthus) plants flower.  Flowering is variety specific.  My conclusions are for the clone with classic red lipstick tube and flower.  This clone may be A. lobbianus.  Regardless of the name, the stock material that I have available to me, flowers in hanging basket form around Christmas.

            The goal will be to produce 4” or 6” baskets in the Fall for December flowering.  8” or 10” baskets are too heavy for indoor use.  If a 4” pot can be produced from budded shoots --- even better.

Everyone agrees that Lipsticks are seasonal, but what does that mean?

            I believe that day-length is not a trigger.  If it were, growers would already be cranking them out on a Mum schedule year around.

            The Fall flowering must be either from the total accumulation of light from Summer or a lowering of temperature.  Or Both.

            The maturity/age of the branch is mandatory.  Young growth does not flower.  After the main flush of flowers, any sporadic later flowering is probably from younger growth that has matured.

            So, in the absence of controlled experiments where we can test one piece of environment at a time, my conclusion is this:

1.      Propagate Spring and Summer.
2.     Get maturity Summer and Fall
3.     Wait for cooler Fall temperatures.
4.     Budding will occur Oct/Nov

5.     Flowering in Dec/Jan/Feb

Sunday, February 12, 2017

Why Lipstick Plants Flower? -- The Working Theory!

Aeschynanthus in flower at Christmas - Why?

Several advanced hobbyists have given me their observations about growing Aeschynanthus to flower.  I’ve copied them here and will draw my own conclusions as GSP (Gary’s Specialty Plants)

            GSP.  First, Paul’s growing method may be essential to proving that it is not day-length.

“I had Aeschynanthus lobbianus variegated and Aeschynanthus radicand in full bloom in December.
I posted a few photos of them on G’philes at that time.

I have grown them for years, and find the following:

They must have some maturity (i.e. length of stems) to bloom well.  
They do not seem to need longer nights or days, as my lights are on 12 hours per day, all year long.

They do love the 4-tube T8s.
Repotting about once a year., shallow pots, loose soil.  ( I do not wick water anything)”

            Ruth, in Australia sends her experience:

“Gary, I found your information interesting, but as usual there is a difference because of conditions - or at least I think that is what it is. No Aeschynanthus that I have grown (and I've grown 30 or more different species and hybrids) have ever been a problem for coming into flower. A few flower in our autumn, but the rest begin to flower in mid-summer through most of the autumn. A few will flower during the winter. I am growing outdoors and yes, this is a warm climate. A. lobbianus (or what we used to call lobbianus - I believe it changed) is starting to produce buds now - mid-summer. Is this odd to you? Most growers in this area have plants in flower at the same times as I do.

            GSP.  One obvious conclusion is that results are variety specific.  You must know what clone you are taking about to compare results.  Different species or hybrids may have different flowering responses. They all flower if we do the right thing.

            Dee offers this:

“The Aeschynanthus that bloom at the ends of the stem are often seasonal. They will bloom in the fall and only in the fall. If you cut them back after a summer outdoors, you won’t get any flowers.”

              GSP.  So, with terminal bloomers, what triggers them to flower in the Fall?  Is it the total accumulation of light from the Summer or the lower temperatures of the Fall?
              Irina has this to say:

“In my limited experience - maturity of the plant triggers the bloom. Some species and hybrids are more floriferous, some very shy and seasonal. It generally takes much longer to root the stems of Aeschynanthus than Nematanthus - so there is a good chance that the cutting will abort the buds that are already set. And you will wait a healthy amount of time before it buds again.
The widely spread in culture Aeschynanthus lobbianus - the Lipstick plant - is a fast growing and quite floriferous species - it is a good candidate for what Gary Hunter is trying to accomplish - get finished blooming compact plants ready for sale. It will probably take them another year or more to bloom again.
I do not think we can use this technique when we grow for show, rooted cuttings do not produce a full mature plant we all want to see. Plants for sale - are definitely more desirable when they are in bloom.”

              GSP.  This adds to my problem of how to get budded cutting to not abort the buds before rooting.  They only flower once a year.

              Ruth added this:

“For me, most Aeschynanthus flower in mid-summer to late autumn. A few will flower through some of the winter, and there are some that prefer spring. No problems with flowering.
I have one with pink flowers that was brought in from Malaysia and it didn't flower when it was a young plant, perhaps because I kept taking cuttings to make sure other people had it. Several years later, virtually everyone had plenty of flowers. One grower reported the other day that his was full of flowers - and this is mid summer.”

              GSP.  Yes, if you cut the tips of terminal flowering types you don’t get any flowers.  And when they flower must be backed up several months to when the flowering was initiated.

              Mark adds:

“It does seem to have to do with maturity in my experience, with a seasonal influence as well.  My 'Thai Pink' never bloomed until the vines were 3 feet or so long, and has a heavy bloom in winter every year.  This is followed by a lesser bloom several months later. It hasn't changed in 5 or 6 years of growing.”

              GSP.  This is the maturity(Age) idea.  And that the trigger is consistent which is what we want.  What does seasonal mean?  If we eliminate day-length, then is must be temperature or accumulated light.

              There is a lot to consider with these comments.  Thank you to the growers for thinking about this problem and taking time to help me.   I will give my conclusions in the next post.

Friday, January 27, 2017

Don't be ignorant or stupid, O.T.

              My take on ‘stupid’ is this: 

              The original meaning of ‘ignorant’ was not informed, as in ‘ignorant of the facts’.  

              Moving ahead, if one becomes informed of the facts and choses the wrong conclusion, then that is just stupid.

Sunday, January 8, 2017

Who Knows Why Lipstick Plants Flower?

Lipstick Plant Flowering at Maturity

Who knows why Lipstick plants flower?

            The flowering response; that is, what triggers flowering of Lipstick plants (Aeschynanthus), remains a mystery.

            With this admission of defeat, I hope that all of you Gesneriad growers out there jump up and say; “What do you mean?  My Lipstick flowers regularly every Winter.  It must be day-length or the cooler night temperatures.  Or maybe it’s the cooler day temps.  Of course, I have had it for years, so maybe it’s maturity (old age).  And now that you mention it, sometimes it doesn’t flower at all.”

            It may seem na├»ve to believe that no one knows the flowering response to the common Lipstick plant.  My only proof is that no commercial grower is producing 4” – 6” pots of Lipstick in flower.  Green foliage --- sure, but no flowers.  If they could be produced, plants would be sold by the thousands. It’s not happening.

            Many years ago, I concluded that flowering is so uncertain that Lipstick plants should be abandoned as a commercial flowering crop.

            The most successful flowering seems to be when the plant is propagated and grown out as a hanging basket.  This allows for the shoots to get length and maturity for flowering on the terminals.

            I want to have flowers on small pots.  If we only knew how to do that?

            My method for Nematanthus ‘Cheerio’ could be adapted to Aeschynanthus.  Grow stock baskets until buds and flowers are set, take tip cuttings, root in small pots.  When the cuttings are rooted, the flowering will be there, --- sell.

            This will be attempted with Lipsticks.  What we don’t know yet, is if the buds will stay on until rooting occurs.  The budded cuttings are coarse and take a long time to callus and root.

            My friend Bob believes that flowering is due to short days (Winter) and that tip cuttings will have small buds set.  Thus, less likely to fall off before rooting.

            This basket shown is flowering now.  Can we create a 4” pot with delightful red flowers on command next year?

Lipstick in flower in small pot